All Packaging  
GLOSSARY OF TERMS

Beers style – Folding box with each piece having 4 corners scored & glued for fold-down storage and easy set-up

Bending board – Lighter weight paperboard used for folding boxes, usually 28pt. or less

Black vat – Recycled paperboard that is dyed black throughout

Blank – Unfinished, flat sheet of corrugated or fiberboard.  In set-up boxes, blank is a diecut or scored and corner-cut flat, ready to be formed into a box

Bleed – To print the area beyond the cut edge

Blind emboss/deboss – A technique whereby the impression of an image is pressed into paper or board, creating a raised/sunken image without the use of color/foil

Book Style Box - Set-up tray glued into a wrapped binder.  Binder is sized slightly larger than the tray to achieve a border around the tray.

CAD (Computer Aided Design) – Process of using a computer to create a design or shape for a die layout

Caliper – The thickness of the board, usually expressed in thousandths of an inch, or “points”

Chipboard – A paperboard made from recycled paper stock, generally kraft in color

C1S paper – Paper that is coated only on one side.  Necessary to have an uncoated side available for the gluing/laminating process.

Corner cut – Cutting out a 90 degree angle to create a corner for a base or lid

Corrugated Board – Two flat facings of linerboard, each glued to a side of fluted corrugated medium

Deboss – An image or area pressed into paper or board creating a sunken area

Diecut – The process of cutting raw material to a desired shape using a cutting die (steel rule imbedded into hardwood)

Dimensions – The three measurements of a box, given in the sequence of length, width, and depth using inside dimensions.  The length and width are figured as the open face of the box

Emboss – An image or area pressed into paper or board creating a raised image/area

ECT (Edge Crush Test) – Measures the amount of force needed to crush on-edge combined board

Foil/Hot Stamp – Process of transferring print through heat and pressure with the use of special stamping foils

Flute – The wave shaped pressed into the medium ( E flute approx. 1/16”, B flute approx. 1/8”, C flute approx. 3/16” and doublewall approx. 5/16”)

Hinge Lid – Lid of box attached to base along one side

Insert – Material designed to support, position or cushion an item, ex. corrugated, foam, chipboard

KDF (Knocked Down Flat) – Boxes in the flat form

Label – A printed sheet of paper that will glue to a substrate

Laminate – The process of gluing one substrate to another

Loose wrap – The process of covering a lid with paper that is only glued on the turn-in of the lid (often used in the confectionery business)

Medium – The paperboard used to form the fluted portion of corrugated board

Mullen Test – Measures the force required to rupture linerboard when under pressure, related to a box’s ability to withstand external and internal forces

Nesting – Placing a smaller box inside a larger box, or process of stacking bases or lids inside each other

Reverse out print – Print that has been cut out of the background color, or the absence of ink

RTE (reverse tuck end) – Folding carton where end tucks are extensions on opposite panels

SBS (solid bleached sulfate) – Solid white bending board, milled from bleached virgin wood fiber

Scoring – A crease in the board to facilitate folds

Shoulder box – Lid of box does not overlap the base, the  box  has a 2nd, shorter liner or tray wrapped and glued inside the base, creating a lip and support for the lid to rest on the base tray

Simplex style – Folding box style with quick lock corners, creating double thickness on ends, delivers flat

Singleface – One medium (fluting) is glued to one flat sheet of linerboard, leaving the fluting exposed

Sleeve – A tubular form, open at both ends, that slides over a box for protection

Slipcase – A protective box with one or more ends open, normally used to protect books, DVD’s, CD’s, magazines etc.

Slit-score – A cut made in fiberboard extending through only a portion of the board, creating a fold

Stay only – An unwrapped chipboard box with the taped corners exposed

STE (standard tuck end) – Folding box where end tucks are extensions of the same panel

Telescope – The distance a lid covers over the base

Trim – Scrap taken from around the blank

Spine – The closed end opposite the opening on a slipcase

Thumb notch – A half-moon cut in the side of a lid, done for ease in opening–cut made after lid is wrapped

Tightwrapping – The process of covering a chipboard lid or base with paper, tightly, with 100% glue coverage

Turn-in – The portion of the paper that wraps to the inside, normally 9/16”

White vat – Recycled paperboard with white liner on one side, kraft liner on other

Wrap – Paper that is adhered to the outside or inside of a box